The different production systems compete for labour and resources and to maximize these, different crops or varieties of a crop are grown in the different fields. They will lay between 145 and 150 eggs before the end of their expected lay period approximately 35 to 40 weeks later. Lesson 2 Sociocultural and Political Evolution: The Development of Societies from the Hunting and Gathering to the Agricultural, Industrial, and Post-Industrial Stages 2. During this period. agriculture: the art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock; tillage; husbandry; farming; Hunter-gatherer: a member of a group of people who live by hunting animals and gathering edible plants for their main food sources, and who do not domesticate animals or farm crops Slowly by slowly however, population increased, Domestication of animals. For 2.5 million years, humans lived on Earth without leaving a written record of their lives—but they left behind other kinds of remains and artifacts. 8. Key Difference – Old Stone Age vs New Stone Age Although it can sometimes be confusing, the Old Stone Age and the New stone age refer to two different periods of human history between which a key difference can be identified. Red foxes can be beneficial to man because of their hunting activities. The Old Stone Age is considered as the oldest period of human existence where stones were first used as tools. At some stage in history, with the realisation that hunting is an unsustainable activity, human beings might have thought of domestication of animals. there was a gradual shift.from collecting food to producing food, a change that has been attributed to three factors: (I) the depletion of the supply of large game animals as a source of food. Dogs probably accompanied hunters and helped them hunt wild animals; they probably also guarded human settlements and warned the inhabitants of possible danger. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. -Animal remains retain a high degree of importance in archaeological analysis. They moved from place to place in search of food. Stone Age hunter-gatherers had to catch or find everything they ate. Thus, animal domestication was started. Stone Age people cut up their food with sharpened stones and cooked it … Following the invention of agriculture, hunter-gatherers who did not change have been displaced or conquered by farming or pastoralist groups in most parts of the world. Fishing also became important. Prehistory: Three stages . With distance from the homestead, fishing, hunting and some food gathering increase in importance. C. they remained vulnerable to attacks from nomadic groups. I realize that if you grow a pepper plant in your lab or green house, and use that plant to support a colony of aphids, you are in a sense rearing the aphids. FROM HUNTING –GATHERING ... people to start thinking about herding and rearing these animals themselves. Let’s recall 1. Teferi Abate Adem. Paleolithic hunting and gathering people ate varying proportions of vegetables (including tubers and roots), fruit, seeds (including nuts and wild grass seeds) and insects, meat, fish, and shellfish. They were gathering wild plants and hunting wild animals that were in uncontrolled parts of the environment. Mayan social life was the most prominent aspect of their development stage as they contributed to the knowledge and development of the region significantly. People living in different climatic conditions selected and domesticated animals found in those regions. Horticultural and Pastoral Societies The period between 13.000 and 7.000 R.C.E. 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