Introduction The ability to measure flow rate is another important process measurement. They are commonly used to measure air velocity, but can be use to measure the velocity of other fluids as well. In simple cases, the system can consist of only a single unit that gives an output reading or signal according to the magnitude of the unknown variable applied to it. INTRODUCTION TO MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION 2 3 4 Definition of measurement and instrumentation Types of measurements Types of instruments in measurements Review in units of measurement Standard of measurement Calibration Application of measurement and instrumentation 5 Measurement A method to obtain information regarding the physical values of the variable. Easy configuration (dimensions and geometry) of the duct cross-section for determining volume flow. Pitot tubes (also called pitot static tubes) are used to measure fluid velocity at a point in a fluid. In the physical sciences , quality assurance , and engineering , measurement is the activity of obtaining and comparing physical quantities of real-world objects and events . There are four different classes of flow measurement transducers: differential pressure measurement, velocity-based measurement, positive displacement measurement, and mass flow measurement. Instrumentation and Control Engineering Friday, April 13, 2012 . 3. This induced emf will be proportional to the input velocity and thus, is a measure of the velocity. This causes an emf to be generated in the coil. Placko, D. (2007) Fundamentals of Instrumentation and Measurements. The velocity is given as the input, which causes the movement of the coil in the magnetic field. Iste Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1-905209-39-2; Internet Resources: IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measurement Virtual Instrumentation using LabView; Instrumentation lecture notes The electronic equipment to measure fluid velocity, pressure and wave height commonly consists of: electromagnetic velocity sensors, acoustic velocity ... Electro-magnetic velocimeters (EMV) are among the best instrumentation available for studying the structure of the bottom boundary layer where sediment transport takes place. Answer.4. I have listed out all the instruments used in measurement of angular velocity. Design of capacitance sensors to detect hidden objects Problems: Chapters 1 through 10 are followed by problems taken from the author’s extensive classroom experience in teaching courses in instrumentation and measurement at the University of Connecticut. Telescopic shaft, extendable up to 400 mm Design of a laser velocity and distance measuring system 4. 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