background-color: #F7F7F7 !important; Clicking a map title will begin your browsing at that map. (Don't forget the island of Cyprus!) Map of Gerizim J o r d n R. L i t a n i R. O r o n t e s R .--500 0 - sea level … Ian says: July 18, 2013 at 4:19 am It is at this time that Tarsus is first mentioned in the Bible, unless we are to accept the … sailed up the Cydnus in a magnificent vessel in the disguise of Aphrodite. Genesis 10:4 lists the descendants of Japhet, the son of Noah, as "The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. The Tarsian Constitution 8. Now Terso. In his honor the name Tarsus was changed to Juliopolis, but this proved no more lasting than Antioch on the Cydnus had been. Some of the Many Centres of Jewish Population Outside Israel - the "Dispersion" or "Diaspora" THE FIRST MISSIONARY JOURNEYS. Suggestions are always welcome. of Tarsus; and the distance from Tarsus to the present outlet of the river is at least 12 miles, through a level and well cultivated country. Maps are essential for any serious study, they help students of Roman history understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in historical sources. } To view an image, click on the images size you prefer. concluded a treaty with Syennesis, and remained at Tarsus for 20 days. by the peace between the Romans and Antiochus the Great, the frontier city of ), was forced to evacuate most of his possessions in Asia Minor. The Tarsian Constitution:Strabo also tells us something of an important constitutional reform carried out in Tarsus under the Emperor Augustus, probably about 15-10 B.C. It was the scene of important events in the wars with the Persians, the Arabs, Thus the fertility of its soil, the safety and convenience of its harbor and the command of the main line of communication between Anatolia and Syria or Mesopotamia combined to promote the greatness of Tarsus, though its position was neither a healthful or a strong one and the town had no acropolis.2. Tarsus under Oriental Power4. Alexandria, however, formed an exception, attracting a large number of foreign students and also sending out many of its younger citizens to other centers. Mar. Middle East. Bible Maps. Acts 9:11 - And the Lord [said] unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and enquire in the house of Judas for [one] called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth. on his march from Egypt to Pontus, and was enthusiastically received. Paul of Tarsus (a city in Cilicia, in what is now Turkey), was also known by the Jewish name of Saul. The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. Among the famous men who learned or taught at Tarsus, we hear of the Stoics Antipater, Archedemus, Nestor, Athenodorus surnamed Cordylion, the friend and companion of the younger Marcus Cato, and his more famous namesake (called Canaanites after the village of his birth), who was the tutor and confidant of Augustus, and who subsequently reformed the Tarsian constitution. Arr. Augustus subsequently increased the favours previously bestowed upon Tarsus, Mediterranean Turkey. .footer-blurb { them is more illustrious than the Apostle Paul, who belonged to one of the many It is a fascinating, but an elusive, quest to trace in Paul's life and writings the influence of his Tarsian ancestry, birth and early life. ii.5). Tarsus was the birthplace of many Tarsus was about 80 miles (130 kilometers) northwest of Antioch. Graec. .footer-blurb h4 { "Tarsus." Some of the earliest labors of the great apostle were near his home, in Syria and Cilicia (Galatians 1:21 Acts 15:23, 11). and the Turks, and also in the Crusades. Again, in 333 B.C., Alexander the Great passed through the Cilician Gates on his way to Issus, where he met and routed the Persian army under Darius III. enjoyed the favour and was called by the names of several of the later emperors. } At the same time it is certain that the character of his native city, its strong oriental element, its Greek constitution and speech, its position in the Roman Empire, its devotion to learning, must have made an impression upon one who, uniting Jewish nationality with membership of a Greek state and Roman citizenship, was to be the great interpreter to the Greco-Roman world of a religion which sprang from the soil of Judaism. Now you can compare the places mentioned in the Bible with modern day cities and countries. It is located on the Tarsus River, about 12 miles (20 km) from the Mediterranean Sea coast. Biblical Archaeology - Significant Discoveries from Ancient Empires. "This is restated verbatim in 1 Chronicles 1:7. 2.4; Curt. The silting-up of the river's mouth seems to have resulted in frequent floods, against which the emperor Justinian (527-65 A.D.) attempted to provide by cutting a new channel, starting a short distance North of the city, to divert the surplus water into a watercourse which lay to the East of Tarsus. background: url('/images/social_sprite.png') no-repeat; 26). Click or touch any place to bring corresponding map to top of screen Click or touch … the Roman Empire  |  Bible The town still exists under the name Strabo (xiv. color: #337ab7; The outcome was the reorganization of Tarsus as an autonomous city with a coinage of its own, which took place under Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164), probably in 171 B.C. of having colonised the place at a very early period; and, among the many Situation:The chief city of Cilicia, the southeastern portion of Asia Minor. city into Juliopolis. of Classical Antiquities. Diogenes; of the grammarians Artemidorus and Diodorus; and of the dramatist Asia. Position your mouse over the map and use your mouse-wheel to zoom in or out. - Harry Thurston Peck. }. The modern town, which still bears the ancient name in the slightly modified form Tersous, has a very mixed population, numbering about 25,000, and considerable trade, but suffers from its unhealthful situation and the proximity of large marshy tracts. Next to Strabo's account our most valuable source of information regarding Tarsus is to be found in the two orations of Dio Chrysostom addressed to the Tarsians about 110 A.D. (Orat. Thither Barnabas went to seek him when he felt the need of a helper in dealing with the new problems involved in the growth of the Antiochene church and the admission into it of Gentiles in considerable numbers (Acts 11:25). Situation2. Tarsus was not only a great commercial city, but at the same time a great seat pertinetes, III, 876;. background: #F7F7F7 !important; Athenodorus and Cordylion ; of Nestor, the tutor of Marcellus; of Plutiades and Down to Alexander's conquest, they ordinarily bear Aramaic legends, and many of them show the effigy of Baal Tarz, the Lord of Tarsus; yet, these coins are clearly influenced by Greek types and workmanship.4. The earliest historical record of the town is found on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser, about 850 B.C., where it figures among the places captured by that king. Soon after the middle of the 7th century it was captured by the Arabs, and for the next three centuries was occupied by them as their northwestern capital and base of operations against the Anatolian plateau and the Byzantine empire. The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. After Alexander's death in 323 B.C. Geography (1854) William Smith, LLD, Ed. It did not by itself bestow Roman citizenship on the Tarsinas, but doubtless there were many natives of the city to whom Pompey, Caesar, Antony and Augustus granted that honor for themselves and, as a consequence, for their descendants.6. Tarsus Tarsus is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km inland from the Mediterranean. Tarsus, Capital of Cilicia, on Cydmus fl., padding-left: 15px; Ancient Israel This privileged status was confirmed by Augustus after the victory of Actium had made him sole master of the Roman Empire (31 B.C.). - Dictionary of Greek and Roman Cyrus then The foremost citizen of the province was Saul of Tarsus (Acts 21:39; Acts 22:3; Acts 23:34). Hebrew Bible. color: #333 !important; Acts 22:3 - I am verily a man [which am] a Jew, born in Tarsus, [a city] in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, [and] taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day. Or copy the outline below and hand out to students. Write "Mediterranean Sea." estimated at 100,000. eminent men in philosophy and literature who added to its lustre; but none of Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. Acts 9:30 - [Which] when the brethren knew, they brought him down to Caesarea, and sent him forth to Tarsus. Ancient Jerusalem - Interactive Study of Jerusalem with Map. But such speculations are likely to be misleading, and it is perhaps best to admit that, save in the trade learned by Paul, which was characteristic of his birthplace, we cannot with any precision gauge the effects of his early surroundings. 66; D. C. 47.24; Flor. Arsames, the satrap of Cilicia, failed to post a sufficient force at the pass, the garrison fled without resistance and Alexander thus entered the province without striking a blow. held by the Persian troops, who were about to burn it, when they were prevented Map of the Roman Empire - Tarsus. Acts 21:39 But Paul said, "I am a Jew, from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no insignificant city. @media screen and (max-width: 1199px) { Copyright © 2020 Bible History How long Paul remained at Tarsus before beginning his studies in Jerusalem we cannot say. B. Alex. Tarsus from Mapcarta, the free map. taxes. Cilician Plains. But Strabo's testimony is that of a contemporary and an accurate historian and must outweigh that of Philostratus, whose work is largely tinged with romance and belongs to the early years of the 3rd century A.D.7. Xenophon (Anab. Maps & Geography Though Greeks, they inherited certain features of the old Persian policy and methods of rule; Cilicia was probably governed by a satrap, and there was no development within it of free city life. Ancient Greece A lengthier article tracing the city’s history. Alexander himself was detained there in The Incredible Bible - First in the BKA Series. The Travel Areas of the Acts of the Apostles; also where Paul Sent his Letters (city names in "stamped envelopes", the one province "unstamped") Map 13. First Century Israel Map - Large Map of Israel in the First Century - Click around on the Cities. For coins, B. V. Head, Historia Numorum2, 729;; G. F. Hill, British Museum Catalogue of Coins: Lycaonia, Isauria and Cilicia, lxxviff;, 162;.M. On what occasion and for what service Roman civitas had been conferred on one of Paul's ancestors we cannot say; this only we know, that before his birth his father had possessed the coveted privilege (Acts 22:28). } Acts 11:25 Barnabas went out to Tarsus to look for Saul. Notwithstanding this, Tarsus in the war between (Acts, 10.30, 11.30, xv, 22, 41, 21.39; comp. .footer-blurb.grey { of Tersoos, and though greatly reduced, it is still the chief town of that part empire Tarsus was a place of great importance to the Romans in their campaigns At the time of the Macedonian invasion it was the country around it is as delightful and as productive as ever. (Anab. The king made an agreement with Cyrus, who, after a delay of 20 days, caused by the refusal of his troops to march farther, set out from Tarsus for the Euphrates. But the Ciliciae Pylae are about 25 miles NNW. Bible in Acts 9:11, 30; 11:25; 21:39; 22:3. Tarsus (NET Bible). Cilicia ultimately fell under the rule of the Seleucid kings of Syria, whose capital was Antioch on the Orontes. distance of 70 stadia from the city, flowed into a lagoon called Rhegma or Toward the close of the 4th century Cilicia was divided into two, and Tarsus became the capital of Cilicia Prima only. Caesar and Pompey sided with the former, who on this account honoured it with a birth-place of St. Paul; of the stoics Antipater, Archedamus, and Nestor ; of It remained a focus of imperial loyalty, as is indicated by the names Hadriane, Commodiane, Severiane and others, which appear, isolated or conjoined, upon its coins, together with the title of metropolis and such epithets as "first," "greatest," "fairest." He is pleased to see evidence of God’s grace poured out on the Gentiles, and encourages them. Bible Atlas Nineveh Nineveh Atlas Nineveh and surrounding region Maps Created using Biblemapper 3.0 Additional data from OpenBible.info Occurrences Genesis … A compilation of entries on Tarsus from several Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias. Tarsus was home of the apostle Paul, as mentioned in the Bible in Acts 9:11, 30; 11:25; 21:39; 22:3. Aug 21, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Janie Sanders. Maps page with index of places in Acts. 66. the wars of the successors of Alexander, and under the Syrian kings, it became, } max-width: 100%; Make Bible study even more interesting by showing where Bible places are today. xxxiii, xxxiv; see Jour. p. 704; Stadiasm. B. sub voce ascribes the foundation to Argives Reviews (337) 478-8847 Website. Saracens. Bible + General resources include praying with Scripture, reading in Church, digital programmes and so forth. Acts 11:25 - Then departed Barnabas to Tarsus, for to seek Saul: Acts 21:39 - But Paul said, I am a man [which am] a Jew of Tarsus, [a city] in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto the people. (Caes. 1.2.23, &c.) The city then contained the palace of Syennesis, king of Cilicia, Links Here you will find a variety of links to do with Scripture resources, texts and commentary. All that can be determined with certainty as to Later Roman texts claim that the city was founded by the grandson of a woman named Anchiale who established a nearby town named after her and whose son, Cydnus, gave his name to the river. Ταρσηνός or Ταρσεύς). The University7. Mythology & Beliefs Maps of Bible Places —Including every place mentioned in Acts. He found the constitution a democracy, swayed and preyed upon by a corrupt clique headed by a certain Boethus, "bad poet and bad citizen," who owed his position partly to his ready and persuasive tongue, partly to the favor of Antony, whom he had pleased by a poem composed to celebrate the victory of Philippi. The name Tarsus in the Bible The name Tarsus belongs to the city where the apostle Paul was born; a fact which Jesus mentions once ( Acts 9:11 ) … ii.17, 1), yet there is reason to believe that he resided there during part of his year of office. A place name listed more than once, can be found on more than one map. font-weight: 400 !important; distinguished men, among them the Apostle Paul. ), and Tarsus became the capital of a new and enlarged province, administered by Hem governors who usually held office for a single year. Tarsus was the chief city and capital of the Roman Province of Cilicia which was located in the eastern part of Asia Minor. Map of Tarsus. Go nuts. Messianic Prophecies Early in the 2nd century, however, came a change. Harpers Dictionary But Tarshish is not to be mistaken for Tarsus, where the apostle Paul was born. Cassius History Online. So disgusted was he by the insolence of the citizens, their love of pleasure and their extravagance in dress, that he shook the dust of Tarsus off his feet and went to Aegae to pursue his studies in a more congenial atmosphere (Vit. On his death, his place as head of the state was taken for a while by the academic philosopher Nestor (Strabo xiv.674). h4 { Get directions, maps, and traffic for Tarsus, . Alex. At first they bear the name of Antioch on the Cydnus, but from the death of Antiochus this new appellation falls into disuse and the old name reasserts itself. ii0.4; Q. Curtius Hist. Ancient Egypt afterwards punished the city for this attachment to Caesar by ordering it to be .footer-blurb-item h3 { But it is almost certain that, in accordance with Seleucid policy, this reorganization was accompanied by the enlargement of the citizen body, the new citizens in this case consisting probably of Jews and Argive Greeks. But Tarsus remained the capital of the district, which during the 1st century of the empire was united with Syria in a single imperial province, and when Cilicia was made a separate province Tarsus, as a matter of course, became its metropolis and the center of the provincial Caesar-worship, and, at a later date, the capital of "the three eparchiae,"Cilicia, Isauria and Lycaonia. From time to time we hear of rulers named Syennesis, who appear to have been vassal princes in a greater or less degree of dependence upon the oriental empires. Illustrated History New Testament Overview - General survey of the New Testament. the Syrian kingdom on the northwest, and still flourishes, having a population "Antioch," "Phoenicia," "Jerusalem," and "Cyprus" in proper areas. .footer-blurb.grey h4 { Discover (and save!) of learning and philosophy, and Strabo (xiv. The Persians thereupon set fire to Tarsus, but the timely arrival of the Macedonian advance guard under Parmenio saved the city from destruction. A bath in the cold waters of the Cydnus which Alexander took while heated with his rapid advance brought on a fever which all but cost him his life (Arrian Anab. Ancient Near East The Cilician coins struck at Tarsus confirm this view. The outcome was the reorganization of Tarsus as an autonomous city with a coinage of its own, which took place under Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164), probably in 171 BC. it became Hellenized. ... was another name for the city of Carthage while historian Flavius Josephus asserted that it was the Anatolian city of Tarsus). Built " in one and the same the city seems to indicate its Semitic origin. the emperor's tutor, the Stoic Athenodorus, who was a native of the place. delivered Tarsus and Cilicia from the dominion of the eastern despots, by making Tarsus Scripture School is a new initiative building on the good experience of last summer’s Scripture Summer School. standing near the centre of Cilicia Campestris, on the river Cydnus, about Anab. Athenodorus Canaanites, the Stoic, returned to his city as an old man, after some 30 years spent at Rome, armed with authority from the emperor to reform abuses in its civic life. iii.4) For two centuries Tarsus had been the capital of a Persian satrapy, subject to oriental rather than to Hellenic influence, though there was probably a Hellenic element in its population, and its trade brought it into touch with the Greeks. 5.8.7; Diod. display: inline-block; Cilicia belonged to the empire of the Seleucidae, except during the short period Though admitting that the city was an Argive colony, he emphasized its non-Hellenic character, and, while criticizing much in its institutions and manners, found but a single feature to commend, the strictness with which the Tarsian women were veiled whenever they appeared in public.8. By Conybeare and Howson states the following regarding the apostle Paul, as in. 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